The Bulletin of JADS, No. 1 (March 1992)

Editor-in-Chief : Hiroyuki HATANO
Editorial Board : Mani OKAMURA, Hidenobu KUJIRAI, Masafumi FUKAGAWA, Takeshi MIZUTANl, Mitsuru MIZUTANl

Looking Forward to the Continuing Development of The Bulletin of Japan Art Documentation Society

Shuji TAKASHlNA - No.1, p.3. 1992.

Launching the First Issue of The Bulletin of Japan Art Documentation Society

Hiroyuki HATANO - No.1, p.4. 1992.


An Introduction to Art Documentation

Itsuo OHKUBO - No.1, p.5-19. 1992

RESUME : "Art Documentation" covers a variety of visual phenomena produced by various human activities and deals with all processes of the activities concerning information and materials which have been produced by considerations on these visual phenomena. It is also the system of ideas and technologies that support the activities concerning art information and art materials. This "art" means wide coverage of all visual phenomena. This paper presents the subject of art documentation from the following points of view : (1) how to systematize information and materials that have been produced from various visual phenomena, (2) how to deal with the information and materials, and (3) how to grasp the type of users and to serve them.

My two plans of the system of information and the system of materials in art documentation are brought up in the first step. Next, the working methods of these systems are indicated at every stage of acquisition, organization, retrieval system, and conservation. Last, the actual situation of users, resource centers and databases are traced and the establishment of networking systems are proposed for the comprehensive organization of services.

Documentation of Exhibition Catalogs

Chikako KAZU, Jyunko MATSUI, Akiko SUMIHIRO and Naoki TAKUBO - No.1, p.20-35. 1992

RESUME : In this paper, problems of documenting exhibition catalogs are discussed. In chapter one, the characteristics of exhibition catalogs are investigated. From this investigation, the following are revealed: catalogs tend to have rich contents, the needs for catalogs are various, and the form of catalogs also varies. In chapter two, problems of documentation are discussed from the view points of strategy, physical and logical management. In the section of strategy, as what type of material exhibition catalogs must be treated is discussed. In the section of physical management, the matter of arrangement is discussed. In the section of logical management, problems of access and bibliographic description are discussed. In chapter three, practices of documenting exhibition catalogs are introduced, such as a simple manual documentation system in a small art library, a sophisticated manual documentation system in a large art library, MARC projects concerning exhibition catalogs, a computer documentation system for catalogs and DIALOG files including information of exhibition catalogs.

Gray Literature on Art in Japan

Masaharu TANEICHI - No.1, p.36-40. 1992

RESUME : In Japan, there are several kinds of gray literature existing about art. In this paper, several types are classified by subjects, and each characteristic is also described with a short list of reference tools and related libraries. In order to get a substantial grasp of many materials on art, the way to improve the present inconvenient situation about gray literature is discussed and proposed.

Notes on Overseas Art Libraries No. 1: Art Libraries in Moscow, Prague and Warsaw

Hiroyuki HATANO - No.1, p.41-48. 1992

RESUME : It is very important for Japanese art librarians to get acquainted with overseas art libraries. This series presents their varying aspects in different countries. The first series is preceded by the discussion on the preparation for the library visit and survey. The author observed the art libraries in Moscow, Prague and Warsaw which he visited on the occasion of the 1991 IFLA Conference and immediately afterwards.

Computerization in Research in the Visual Arts*

Nadine Walter - No.1, p.49-69. 1992
Trans. by Takeshi Mizutani

* A revised and updated version of the author's paper for which she received the Gerd Muehsam Award, 1989. In Art Documentation : Bulletin of the Art Libraries Society of North America, vol. 10, no. 1 (Spring1991)

RESUME : Because the arts have been one of the last fields to make use of computers in scholarly research, this paper begins by discussing the traditional relationship of art scholars to technology, some of the reasons for resistance to technology, and changes that are occurring in the field. The remainder of the paper is a discussion of computerization in art research. Outlines of bibliographic databases that are now available are provided and their scope is described in terms of subject, geographical area, time period, cost, vendor, and retrospective conversion of records. Special needs and activities of user groups such as museum curators, art librarians, professors, art dealers and art collectors are investigated. Recording information about art objects in an online catalog presents unique problems. These include such issues as discrepancies in titles, attributions, dates and the need for flexible information records. The specific types of databases and automated research tools that would be most useful to art researchers would enable them to do such things as search for records by patrons, collectors, artists, geographic areas, style, subject matter, iconography, exhibition, etc. Computerized projects that meet these needs and are currently being planned or implemented under the sponsorship of the Getty Trust include : the combining of RILA and the Repertoire d'Art et d'Archeology ; the Avery Index ; the Provenance Index ; the Witt Library ; The Art and Architecture Thesaurus and many others. The paper concludes by providing some examples of worldwide projects to computerize research in the visual arts and meet specific user needs.

Art Librarianship in the United States on the Eve of the Twenty-First Century*

Sarah Scott GIBSON - No1, p.70-78. 1992
Trans. by Takeshi MIZUTANI

* A translation from Dr. Gibson's lecture at the JADS 2nd Lecture Meeting held at the Tokyo American Center on October 17, 1990.

RESUME : The lecturer discussed four aspects of art librarianship in the United States : first, the historical background with brief description of the five types of art libraries - art division of college and university library, art and design school library, art museum library, art department in public library and business library, that have developed since the end of nineteenth century to the present; second, the formation and growth of the specialized professional associations, especially on ARLIS/NA; third, the education for art librarianship ; and fourth, the use of new technology introduced into the fields and various libraries of arts and humanities. At the end of the article, she stressed the possibility of linking the libraries throughout the world via innovative bibliographic utilities such as RLlN and expects art librarians in both US and Japan to be sharing information and solutions to mutual problems by the end of this decade.

La Communication des Informations Visuelles dans les Bibliothèques et les Musées en France*

Luce-Marie ALBIGES - No.1, p.79-88. 1992
Trans. by Hiroyuki HATANO

* A translation from Madarne Albigès' lecture at the JADS 3rd Lecture Meeting held at the Maison franco-Japonaise on January 29, 1991.

RESUME : Les modes actuelles de consultation par le public d'images fixes et animées dans les organismes culturels français et, en particulier, l'exemple de la banque d'images de la Bibliothèque publique d'Information du Centre Georges Pompidou mettent en valeur les besoins et les attentes de ce public pour de nouveaux produits culturels. Ceux-ci doivent apporter des informations complémentaires a I'image sous forme multi-media et interactive. Ils doivent Prendre en compte les droits d'auteur liés a l'image. Le projet d'interrogation * distance de la banque d'images de la BPI est un projet novateur de téléc ommunications dans le domaine culturel. D'autres projets sont en cours d'elaboration en France et en Europe.

A Study of Subject Field on "Fashion"

Noriko HIRAI - No.1, p.89-96. 1992

RESUME : On behalf of the first number of the periodical journal "Fashion Documentation " I'll give a review and explain information service of "Fashion " At first, in order to survey the field of Fashion, the meanings of related terms are defined. Next, after grasping the historical process of subject, the characteristics of the literature on Fashion in comparison with that on clothing are discussed.

Preliminary List of Articles on Art Documentation in Japan 1981-1991

comp. by JADS Clearinghouse, No.1, p.97-107. 1992

Various Developments in Art Documentation in Japan since 1980: Centering on the Activities of JADS : A Chronological Table

comp. by Takeshi MIZUTANl - No.1, p.108-113. 1992